Oral Language

Participate in Group Discussions

  • Participate in choral reading, shared reading, and dramatics (plays, skits, reader’s theater)
  • Retell experiences, stories, and events in logical order
  • Use complete sentences
  • Use language to inform, persuade, entertain, clarify, and respond
  • Ask and answer questions to check for understanding of information presented
  • Express ideas clearly and in organized manner
  • Follow rules of discussion and assigned group roles

Listen Actively

  • Listen to and discuss a variety of stories, poems, and informational texts
  • Listen and respond to others
  • Follow and give simple three-step or four-step directions

Recognize Sounds in Words

  • Isolate and manipulate sounds in one-syllable words
  • Add or delete sounds to make new words
  • Blend and segment multisyllabic words at the syllable level

Expand and Use Vocabulary

  • Listen to and discuss a variety of texts
  • Explain meanings of words within the context of how they are used
  • Use appropriate verbs for past, present, and future events
  • Use synonyms and antonyms
  • Use specific vocabulary from mathematics, social studies, and science

Writing: Content


  • Events
  • Friendly letters
  • Information
  • Literature responses
  • Shared research project
  • Simple reports

Organize Writing

  • Use time-order words (first, next, then, and last)
  • Include a beginning, middle, and end
  • Write stories describing events with details, sequence, and a conclusion
  • Write information and simple reports that introduce the topic, use facts or opinions, and provide a concluding sentence


  • Use legible manuscript writing
  • Space words and sentences
  • Beginning cursive


  • Nouns, verbs, adjectives
  • Subject/predicate
  • Articles
  • Proper Nouns
  • Pronouns
  • Adverbs

Writing: Process

Use Technology to Plan, Draft, Revise, Edit, and Publish


  • Generate ideas and select topic
  • Participate in planning activities
  • Consider the intended audience
  • Use a writer’s notebook
  • Establish and review writing goals


  • Focus on one topic
  • Apply letter-sound knowledge when writing unfamiliar words
  • Begin to compose paragraphs


  • Add details to elaborate and expand simple sentences
  • Respond to questions and suggestions from peers and teachers
  • Revise for clarity


  • Use correct spelling of common high-frequency and phonetically-regular words
  • Write complete sentences
  • Begin sentences with capitals and use ending punctuation
  • Use knowledge of simple abbreviations
  • Use commas in the date, salutation, and closing of letters
  • Capitalize proper nouns and the word I
  • Use singular and plural nouns and pronouns
  • Use print and online resources in the classroom to correctly spell words


  • Share writing with others

Reading: Content

Read and Comprehend a Variety of Literature

  • Fiction (realistic and fairy tales)
  • Nonfiction
    • Directions
    • Friendly letters
    • Lists
  • Magazines
  • Materials from mathematics, science, and social studies
  • Newspapers

Poems Use Text Features

  • Bold type, italics, and underlining
  • Captions
  • Diagrams
  • Glossaries
  • Graphs, pictographs, charts, tables, and maps
  • Headings
  • Illustrations, pictures, and photographs
  • Indexes
  • Punctuation
  • Tables of contents
  • Titles

Select and Use Appropriate Resources

  • Dictionaries
  • Online resources

Read for Meaning

  • Identify and describe characters, settings, and important events
  • Identify main idea or topic
  • Ask and answer simple questions (who, what, when, where, why, and how)
  • Compare fiction and nonfiction books
  • Read own writing

Public Speaking

  • Oral presentations

Reading: Process

Read with Fluency, Accuracy, and Expression

  • Read two-syllable and common high-frequency words
  • Apply knowledge of phonics, meaning clues, and language structure
  • Use punctuation (periods, question and quotation marks, and exclamation points)
  • Use phrasing and expression
  • Practice reading and rereading familiar stories and texts

Self-Monitor and Solve Problems when Reading

  • Set a purpose for reading
  • Skim nonfiction for headings, bold type, and captions to set a purpose for reading
  • Use titles and headings to generate ideas about the text
  • Decode unfamiliar words using word patterns
  • Apply phonetic principles to problem solve unknown words
  • Reread and self-correct when text does not make sense
  • Use words, pictures, and other clues from text to confirm or self-correct, rereading as necessary
  • Begin to maintain a reading log
  • Establish and review reading goals

Demonstrate Comprehension

  • Find evidence from the text to make and confirm predictions before, during, and after reading
  • Make connections
  • Use knowledge of story structure (character, setting, problem, solution)
  • Retell stories orally or in writing using beginning, middle, and end
  • Use knowledge of transition words (e.g., first, next, and soon)
  • Identify the main idea of a fiction selection
  • Identify the main idea and key details of a nonfiction selection

Develop an Understanding of New Vocabulary

  • Use knowledge of the story or topic to make predictions about vocabulary
  • Confirm vocabulary by using words, pictures, and other clues
  • Identify and recognize meanings of common prefixes and suffixes
  • Use knowledge of homophones
  • Ask for meaning of unknown words and make connections to familiar words
  • Use vocabulary from mathematics, science, and social studies


Numerical Relations

Whole Numbers

  • Identify the place value of each digit in a three-digit numeral
  • Read and write threedigit numerals
  • Compare two numbers between 0 and 999
  • Round three-digit numbers to the nearest ten
  • Order numbers between 0 and 99
  • Identify the ordinal positions first through twentieth
  • Count forward by twos, fives, and tens to 100, starting at various multiples of 2, 5, or 10; count backward by tens from 100
  • Use objects to determine if a number is odd or even


  • Identify fractions as parts of a set and/or region for halves, thirds, fourths, sixths, eighths, and tenths
  • Write fractions
  • Compare unit fractions



  • Estimate the sum of two whole numbers whose sum is 99 or less
  • Estimate the difference of two whole numbers each 99 or less
  • Estimate and add three or more addends whose sum is 99 or less

Procedures for Computation

  • Recall basic addition and subtraction facts (sums to 20)
  • Find the sum of two whole numbers whose sum is 99 or less
  • Find the difference of two whole numbers each 99 or less
  • Regroup 10 ones for 1 ten or 1 ten for 10 ones, using Base-10 models, when finding the sum or difference
  • Create and solve onestep and two-step addition and subtraction problems using data


  • Memorize basic multiplication and division facts


Customary and Metric Units

  • Determine the value of a collection of coins and one-dollar bills whose value is $2.00 or less
  • Compare the values of two sets of coins
  • Use the cent symbol, dollar symbol, and decimal point
  • Make change to $1.00
  • Estimate and measure length to the nearest inch and centimeter; weigh/mass to the nearest pound/ounce and kilogram/gram; and volume in cups, pints, quarts, gallons, and liters
  • Identify objects whose lengths are greater than or less than a foot and a yard
  • Tell time to the nearest 5 minutes
  • Use a calendar to identify specific dates and to determine days in the past or future from a given date
  • Read temperature to the nearest 10 degrees in Fahrenheit and Celsius


Identify, Classify, and Transform Shapes

  • Draw a line of symmetry in a figure
  • Identify and create figures with at least one line of symmetry
  • Determine similarities and differences between related plane and solid figures
  • Identify, describe, compare, and contrast plane and solid figures
  • Identify attributes of two-dimensional figures and sort accordingly

Data Analysis, Statistics, and Probability

Collect, Organize, Analyze Data

  • Collect data to answer questions
  • Organize data to construct and analyze picture graphs, pictographs, pice/circle graphs and bar graphs


  • Conduct, record, and interpret the results of probability experiments, predicting what may happen if the experiment is repeated

Patterns, Functions, and Algebra


  • Identify, create, and extend repeating and growing patterns


  • Find the missing number in a number sentence
  • Create story problems for a given numerical sentence
  • Identify equivalent and non-equivalent values and equations


Living Systems


  • Basic parts
  • Life Needs

Classification of Animals

  • Mammal
  • Bird
  • Fish
  • Reptile
  • Amphibian


  • Life Cycle
  • Life Needs
  • Characteristics


  • Components
  • Interdependence
  • Living/Nonliving
  • Changes


  • Life Cycle

Earth and Space

Weather and Seasonal Changes

  • Common Storms
  • Precipitation, Wind, Temperature
  • Droughts, Floods
  • Tracking Weather Data
  • Effects on Plants
  • Effects on Animals
  • Weathering
  • Erosion

Plant Resources

  • Products
  • Benefits

Solar System

  • Moon phases
  • Planets
  • Sun



  • Attract and Repel
  • Poles
  • Magnetic Compass
  • Applications of Magnets

Phases of Matter

  • Characteristics of Solids, Liquids, and Gases
  • Measurement
  • Changes



  • Differentiated from Personal Interpretation
  • Repeated to Ensure Accuracy


  • Simple Models


  • Based on Models

Data Collection

  • Classification
  • Graphing
  • Unexpected Quantitative Data are Recognized

Inference and Conclusion

  • Based on Observations



  • Length
  • Volume
  • Mass
  • Temperature
  • Time


  • Metric Units
  • English Units


  • Thermometer
  • Weather Vane
  • Rain Gauge
  • Balance
  • Graduated Cylinder


People, Days, and Symbols


  • Jacques Cartier
  • Christopher Columbus
  • Juan Ponce de Leon
  • Christopher Newport

Famous Americans

  • Susan B. Anthony
  • Helen Keller
  • Martin Luther King, Jr.
  • Abraham Lincoln
  • Pocahontas
  • Powhatan, the paramount chief
  • Jackie Robinson
  • George Washington

American Indian cultures, past and present



  • England
  • Mexico
  • United States

Exploration areas

  • Jamestown, Virginia
  • Quebec, Canada
  • San Salvador, Bahamas
  • St. Augustine, Florida

The Regions of American Indian cultures

  • Eastern Woodlands
  • Plains
  • Southwest


  • James
  • Mississippi
  • Rio Grande


  • Appalachian
  • Rocky


  • Arctic
  • Atlantic
  • Indian
  • Pacific
  • Southern

The Great Lakes

7 continents


  • Barter
  • Money
  • Consumers
  • Producers
  • Scarcity
  • Economic choices
  • Economic specialization
  • Capital resources
  • Human resources
  • Natural resources

Current Events

  • Real News

Big Ideas

  • Change
  • Citizenship
  • Climate
  • Community
  • Diversity
  • Local government
  • Location
  • Past, present, and future
  • Physical surroundings
  • Rules
  • Voting
  • Volunteering



  • Compare and contrast
  • Classify, organize, record, and interpret information
  • Construct and explain graphs and simple charts
  • Explain cause and effect
  • Make generalizations
  • Make decisions
  • Locate regions on maps and globes
  • Locate the equator, the continents and the oceans
  • Make, draw, and use maps
  • Use a compass rose
  • Participate in groups
  • Use the equator and prime meridian to identify hemispheres