Speaking, Listening, Media Literacy

Collaborate and Make Presentations with Others:

  • Communication
    • Ask and answer questions
    • Clarify confusing points
    • Clearly express own ideas and build on others’ ideas
    • Communicate new ideas to others
    • Follow rules of discussion
    • Respond and elaborate on the remarks of others
    • Use effective verbal and nonverbal communication skills
    • Use grammatically correct language
  • Process
    • Listen for main ideas and sequence of ideas
    • Organize information
    • Summarize information
    • Take notes
  • Relevance
    • Determine appropriate content for audience
    • Use language and style appropriate to the audience, topic, and purpose
  • Tools
    • Use prewriting tools
    • Use visual media
  • Work habits
    • Collaborate with diverse teams
    • Work independently on group-related tasks

Understand and Use Media Literacy

  • Create age-appropriate media messages
  • Differentiate among auditory, visual, and written media messages
  • Identify characteristics and effectiveness of media messages

Reading: Content

Read, Identify, and Compare Characteristics of

  • Drama
  • Fiction
  • Functional formats (advertisements, directions, flyers, recipes)
  • Graphic formats
  • Informational texts
  • Narrative nonfiction (autobiography, biography)
  • Poems (free verse, rhymed, patterned)

Use Text Features

  • Animations
  • Captions
  • Charts
  • Diagrams
  • Graphics
  • Graphs
  • Headings
  • Indexes
  • Maps
  • Pictures, photographs, and illustrations
  • Tables
  • Tables of contents
  • Timelines
  • Type colors
  • Type styles (bold face, italics)

Select and Use Appropriate Resources

  • Almanacs
  • Atlases
  • Databases
  • Dictionaries
  • Digital media
  • Encyclopedia
  • Glossaries
  • Online, print, and media resources
  • Thesauruses

Read for Meaning

  • Compare and contrast information
  • Describe the author’s style and craft
  • Describe character and plot development
  • Determine the main idea
  • Develop notes
  • Distinguish between facts and opinions
  • Determine the theme
  • Explain the author’s purpose
  • Identify figurative language
  • Identify new information
  • Identify organizational patterns (chronological, problem/solution)
  • Identify and ask questions that clarify point of view
  • Identify sequence and cause and effect relationships
  • Skim materials
  • Use graphic organizers
  • Use prior knowledge

Reading: Process

Read with Fluency, Accuracy, and Expression

Self-Monitor and Solve Problems when Reading

  • Use reading strategies throughout the reading process to monitor comprehension
  • Return to text to verify and clarify information
  • Maintain a reading log that reflects reading from a range of genres
  • Establish and adjust reading goals

Demonstrate Comprehension

  • Ask and answer questions
  • Draw conclusions, form opinions, and locate details to support both
  • Make, confirm, and revise predictions
  • Make connections
  • Make inferences
  • Summarize key and supporting ideas
  • Synthesize text

Develop an Understanding of New Vocabulary

  • Apply knowledge of prefixes and suffixes, synonyms, antonyms, homophones, and roots
  • Use knowledge of word origins
  • Develop vocabulary by listening to and reading a variety of texts
  • Study vocabulary from mathematics, science, and social studies
  • Use context and sentence structure to determine meanings and differentiate among multiple meanings of words

Writing: Content

Write a Variety of Forms

  • Descriptions
  • Explanations
  • Information
  • Narratives
  • Persuasion

Identify and Use Parts of Speech

  • Adjectives
  • Adverbs
  • Conjunctions
  • Interjections
  • Nouns
  • Prepositions
  • Pronouns
  • Verbs

Use Elements of Author’s Craft

  • Description
  • Dialogue
  • Pacing
  • Precise, descriptive, and content-specific vocabulary
  • Sentence variety
  • Use Technology to Plan, Draft, Revise, Edit, and Publish Writing

Writing: Process

Use Technology to Plan, Draft, Revise, Edit, and Publish Writing


  • Use a writer’s notebook
  • Write with the intended audience in mind
  • Organize to convey central idea
  • Use a variety of strategies
  • Establish and adjust writing goals


  • Focus, organize, and elaborate to construct an effective message
  • Write multiparagraph compositions
  • Use precise, descriptive vocabulary
  • Vary sentence structure


  • Revise for clarity of content
  • Use available resources
  • Use rubrics to self-assess writing


  • Use correct:
    • Capitalization
    • Grammar
    • Paragraphing
    • Punctuation
    • Sentence structure
    • Spelling (frequently-used words, compound words, homophones, irregular plurals)
  • Use appropriate resources
  • Use rubrics to self-assess writing
  • Write legibly in manuscript and cursive forms


Locate, Evaluate, and Select Appropriate Resources

  • Construct questions
  • Select appropriate references
  • Skim to locate relevant information
  • Evaluate and combine related information
  • Organize information
  • Develop notes
  • Enhance writing with formatting, graphics, and multimedia
  • Share information


  • Credit sources
  • Understand and avoid plagiarism


Numerical Relations

Whole Numbers

  • Identify prime and composite numbers less than or equal to 100
  • Identify even and odd numbers

Fractions and Decimals

  • Round decimals to the nearest whole number, tenth, and hundredth
  • Recognize and represent fractions as decimals and decimals as fractions
  • Compare and order decimals, fractions, and mixed numbers
  • Distinguish between terminating and repeating decimals



  • Estimate sums, differences, products, and quotients

Procedures for Computation

  • Create and solve single-step and multistep problems involving addition, subtraction, multiplication, and division of whole numbers and decimals
  • Add, subtract, multiply and divide decimals to the thousandths
  • Solve single-step and multistep problems involving addition and subtraction of fractions and mixed numbers
  • Simplify and solve expressions using the order of operations


Customary and Metric Units

  • Identify equivalent measurements within the metric system for length, mass, and liquid volume
  • Estimate and measure to solve problems using metric and US Customary units
  • Estimate and find the perimeter of polygons and the area of squares, rectangles, and right triangles
  • Measure right, acute, obtuse, and straight angles
  • Identify and describe the diameter, radius, circumference, and chord of a circle
  • Determine elapsed time in hours and minutes within a 24-hour period

Procedures and Formulas

  • Differentiate among the concepts of perimeter, area, and volume
  • Develop a procedure for finding volume using cubes
  • Develop formulas for perimeter and area


Identify, Classify, and Transform Shapes

  • Classify angles as acute, obtuse, right, or straight
  • Classify triangles as right, acute, obtuse, equilateral, scalene, or isosceles
  • Investigate and describe the results of combining and subdividing plane shapes
  • Develop definitions for squares, rectangles, triangles, rhombi, parallelograms, and trapezoids

Data Analysis, Statistics, and Probability

Collect, Organize, Analyze Data

  • Collect, organize, display and interpret data on charts, tables, stem-and-leaf plots, and line graphs
  • Describe and find the mean, median, mode, and range of a group of numbers


  • Construct a sample space using a list, chart, or tree diagram to identify all possible outcomes of an event
  • Use a sample space to determine the probability of an outcome

Patterns, Functions, and Algebra


  • Describe numerical and geometric patterns
  • Use words, tables, and symbols to express relationships found in patterns


  • Describe the concept of a variable as a representation of an unknown quantity
  • Write an open sentence using a variable to represent an unknown number
  • Model one-step linear equations using addition and subtraction
  • Create a word problem to match a given open sentence
  • Investigate and recognize the distributive property of multiplication over addition



  • Hammurabi
  • Abraham
  • Asoka (Ashoka)
  • Siddhartha Gautama (Buddha)
  • Shi Huangdi
  • Confucius
  • Montezuma
  • Plato
  • Socrates
  • Archimedes
  • Julius Caesar
  • Aristotle
  • Hippocrates
  • Alexander The Great
  • Jesus
  • Constantine
  • King Ezana
  • Muhammad
  • Ibn Battuta
  • Charlemagne
  • King Henry VIII
  • Elizabeth I
  • Marco Polo
  • Zheng He
  • Leonardo da Vinci
  • Copernicus
  • Michelangelo
  • Gutenberg
  • William Shakespeare
  • Galileo

Geographic Features

  • 7 continents
  • 5 oceans
  • Rivers
    • Amazon
    • Euphrates
    • Ganges
    • Indus
    • Nile
    • Tigris
    • Chang Jiang (Yangtze)
  • Huang (Yellow) River Valley
  • Gulf of Mexico
  • Deserts
    • Gobi
    • Kalahari
    • Sahara
  • Mountains
    • Andes
    • Himalaya
    • Mount Kilimanjaro
  • Seas
    • Arabian
    • Caspian
    • Mediterranean
    • Red


  • Natural resources
  • Barter and trade
  • Feudalism
  • Mercantilism
  • Scarcity
  • Self-sufficiency
  • Economic interdependence
  • Economic decisions

Units of Study

  • Fertile Crescent
  • India
  • China
  • Pre-Columbian Civilizations
  • Greece
  • Rome
  • Africa: Two Cultures
  • Southwest Asia
  • Western European Civilizations
  • Global Awareness Technology Project

Big Ideas

  • Exchange of ideas and goods
  • Settlement and growth
  • Economic growth
  • Migration
  • Climate
  • Culture
  • Religion
  • Transportation developments
  • Technology
  • Navigation
  • Government
  • Interdependence
  • Interrelationships
  • Global awareness


  • Make connections between trade and discovery
  • Analyze and interpret maps
  • Interpret primary sources
  • Determine cause and effect
  • Compare and contrast
  • Sequence events
  • Classify and organize information
  • Make connections between the past and the present
  • Make connections between cultures
  • Research countries and cultures around the world