CURRICULUM

LANGUAGE ARTS

Oral Language

Participate in Group Discussions

  • Ask and respond to questions
  • Explain what was learned
  • Express own ideas
  • Follow rules for discussion
  • Stay on topic
  • Disagree in a constructive way
  • Support opinions
  • Ask for others’ ideas and opinions

Listen Actively

  • Pay attention to the speaker
  • Ask clarifying questions
  • Summarize what was heard

Present Short Oral Reports

  • Plan with audience in mind
  • Organize and sequence information
  • Include relevant details
  • Demonstrate correct word usage
  • Use specific vocabulary
  • Speak clearly, using appropriate voice level and speaking rate
  • Use visual media (images, posters, charts, or technology creations) to support topic

Writing: Content

Write

  • Directions
  • Friendly letters
  • Poems
  • Simple explanations
  • Short reports
  • Stories

Organize Writing

  • Group related ideas into paragraphs
  • Include facts, details, examples, and concluding statements in a report or explanation
  • Include sequence, specific vocabulary, and endings or conclusions in stories
  • Incorporate transitional words (first, next, last) to clarify sequence
  • Use friendly-letter format

Use Elements of Author’s Craft

  • Describe events and ideas using sequence and specific details
  • Use dialogue appropriately
  • Write complete varied sentences

Identify Parts of Speech

  • Adjectives
  • Nouns
  • Pronouns
  • Verbs

Handwriting

  • Use legible manuscript handwriting
  • Learn to write in legible cursive handwriting

Writing: Process

Use Technology to Plan, Draft, Revise, Edit, and Publish

Plan

  • Select a topic
  • Identify an intended audience
  • Use a variety of techniques
  • Collect and organize information for a short report
  • Use a writer’s notebook
  • Establish and review writing goals

Draft

  • Apply knowledge of composition, written expression, and usage
  • Focus on the main idea or topic

Revise

  • Use suggestions from writing conferences to improve writing
  • Clarify ideas by adding specific information and descriptive details
  • Delete unnecessary information
  • Use a rubric to self-assess

Edit

  • Apply correct usage (past and present verb tense, I in compound subjects)
  • Proofread for correct spelling including homophones, frequently-used words, and irregular plurals
  • Apply knowledge of mechanics (complete sentences, simple abbreviations, end punctuation, commas in a list, apostrophes in singular possessives and contractions, and capitalization)
  • Use a rubric to self-assess
  • Credit sources

Reading: Content

Read and Comprehend a Variety of Literature

  • Autobiographies
  • Biographies
  • Fiction (realistic, fantasy)
  • Folktales  Fables  Fairy tales  Legends  Myths
  • Functional formats (advertisements, flyers, directions)
  • Informational text
  • Poems

Use Text Features

  • Bold and italic print
  • Chapter titles
  • Diagrams
  • Glossaries
  • Graphs
  • Headings
  • Illustrations and photographs
  • Indexes
  • Maps
  • Punctuation
  • Tables of contents

Select and Use Appropriate Resources

  • Dictionaries
  • Print and online references
  • Thesauruses

Read for Meaning

  • Identify the problem, steps taken to solve the problem, solution, main idea, and supporting details
  • Compare, contrast, and draw conclusions about settings, events, characters, character traits, and information
  • Identify the author’s purpose
  • Identify cause and effect
  • Locate specific information in a reading selection
  • Notice and discuss the use of author’s craft (dialogue and description)
  • Compare information found in two sources

Reading: Process

Self-Monitor and Solve Problems when Reading

  • Set purpose for reading
  • Apply word analysis skills
  • Reread and self-correct
  • Apply meaning, language structure, and phonetic strategies
  • Maintain a reading log
  • Establish and review reading goals

Demonstrate Comprehension

  • Make, confirm, and revise predictions
  • Make connections
  • Ask and answer questions
  • Draw conclusions
  • Support conclusions and opinions with information from the text
  • Summarize what was read
  • Organize information gained from reading

Develop an Understanding of New Vocabulary

  • Use context clues
  • Apply knowledge of synonyms, antonyms, and homophones
  • Apply knowledge of prefixes and suffixes
  • Use vocabulary from mathematics, science, and social studies

MATHEMATICS

Numerical Relations

Whole Numbers

  • Identify the place value and value of each digit in six-digit numerals
  • Read and write sixdigit numerals
  • Round whole numbers, 9,999 or less, to the nearest ten, hundred, and thousand
  • Compare numbers between 0 and 9,999
  • Order numbers between 0 and 999
  • Recognize and use the inverse relationships between addition/subtraction and multiplication/division
  • Represent whole numbers on an open number line

Fractions

  • Name, write, and compare fractions and mixed numbers (halves, thirds, fourths, eighths, tenths, and twelfths)
  • Represent fractions with drawings and concrete materials

Operations

Estimation

  • Determine whether an estimate or an exact answer is appropriate
  • Estimate sums, differences, and products

Procedures for Computation

  • Add or subtract two whole numbers each 9,999 or less
  • Add or subtract to solve single-step and multi-step problems
  • Add three or more addends
  • Recall basic multiplication and division facts through the twelves table
  • Model multiplication and division
  • Create and solve multiplication problems where one factor is 99 or less and the other factor is 5 or less
  • Add and subtract proper fractions with like denominators

Measurement

Customary and Metric Units

  • Count and compare collections of coins and bills up to $10.00
  • Make change from $10.00 or less
  • Find a variety of ways to make a given amount of money $10.00 or less
  • Estimate and use the US Customary and metric systems to measure length, weight/mass, and volume
  • Find area and perimeter
  • Tell time to the nearest minute, and determine elapsed time in one hour increments
  • Determine elapsed time in minutes within an hour
  • Identify the number of minutes in an hour, hours in a day, days in a week, days in a year, and months in a year
  • Read temperature in Fahrenheit and Celsius

Geometry

Identify, Classify, and Transform Shapes

  • Identify, describe, compare, and contrast plane and solid figures
  • Identify and draw points, line segments, rays, angles, and lines
  • Identify congruent and noncongruent figures

Data Analysis, Statistics, and Probability

Collect, Organize, Analyze Data

  • Collect data using surveys, polls, questionnaires, scientific experiments, and observations
  • Construct, read, analyze, and interpret line plots, picture graphs, bar graphs, charts, and tables

Probability

  • Describe the concept of probability as chance
  • List all possible outcomes for a given situation
  • Identify the degree of likelihood of an outcome occurring using the terms: impossible, unlikely, as likely as, equally likely, likely, certain
  • Conduct probability experiments using spinners, tiles, or cubes

Patterns, Functions, and Algebra

Collect, Organize, Analyze Data

  • Collect data using surveys, polls, questionnaires, scientific experiments, and observations
  • Construct, read, analyze, and interpret line plots, picture graphs, bar graphs, charts, and tables

Probability

  • Describe the concept of probability as chance
  • List all possible outcomes for a given situation
  • Identify the degree of likelihood of an outcome occurring using the terms: impossible, unlikely, as likely as, equally likely, likely, certain
  • Conduct probability experiments using spinners, tiles, or cubes

SCIENCE

Living Systems

Ladybugs

  • Life Needs
  • Life Cycle
  • Physical Characteristics

Food Chains

  • Producer
  • Consumer
  • Decomposer
  • Herbivore, Carnivore, Omnivore
  • Predator/Prey

Animal Adaptations

  • Hibernation
  • Migration
  • Instinct
  • Learned Behavior
  • Camouflage
  • Mimicry

Plant/Animal Diversity in Ecosystems

  • Aquatic Ecosystem
  • Terrestrial Ecosystem
  • Population
  • Community
  • Interdependency

Earth and Space

Natural Patterns and Cycles

  • Seasonal Changes
  • Day and Night
  • Moon Phases
  • Tides
  • Water Cycle
  • Animal Life Cycle
  • Plant Life Cycle

Soil

  • Components
  • Importance to Plants
  • Conservation
  • Natural Resource

Energy Resources

  • Renewable
  • Nonrenewable
  • Conservation

Effects of Natural Events on Organisms

  • Flood
  • Fire
  • Disease
  • Erosion

Effects of Human Influence

  • Quality of Air, Water, Habita

Physical

Matter

  • Physical Properties

Simple Machines

  • Lever
  • Pulley
  • Wheel and Axle
  • Inclined Plane
  • Wedge
  • Screw

Compound Machines

Investigation

Observation

  • Scientific
  • Tools are Used
  • Objects Classified into Sets/Subsets

Investigate

  • Repeat Observations
  • Make Predictions
  • Formulate Hypotheses
  • Gather Data
  • Make Inferences
  • Draw Conclusions

Data

  • Chart
  • Graph
  • Analyze
  • Communicate

Models

  • Design and build

Sequence

  • Natural Events

Measurement

Standard Measurement

  • Metric System
  • English System

Length

  • Nearest Centimeter

Mass

  • Nearest Gram

Temperature

  • Celsius

Time

  • Second
  • Minute
  • Hour
  • Day
  • Month
  • Year

Volume

  • Nearest Milliliter

SOCIAL STUDIES

People, Days, and Symbols

People

  • César Chávez
  • Thomas Jefferson
  • Martin Luther King, Jr.
  • Abraham Lincoln
  • Thurgood Marshall
  • Rosa Parks
  • George Washington

National Holidays

  • Memorial Day
  • Veterans Day

Places

  • Ancient China
  • Ancient Egypt
  • Ancient Greece
  • Ancient Rome
  • 5 oceans
  • Huang He (Yellow River)
  • Mediterranean Sea
  • Nile River
  • 7 continents
  • Virginia
  • United States

Economics

  • Natural, human, and capital resources
  • Producers, goods, and services
  • Economic choice and opportunity cost
  • Specialization
  • Trade

 

Big Ideas

  • Architecture
  • Basic principles
  • Climate
  • Community
  • Community service
  • Contributions
  • Direct and representative democracy
  • Diversity
  • Government—local, state, and national
  • Hemisphere
  • Inventions
  • Relationship between environment and culture
  • Rules
  • Volunteering
  • Voting

 

Skills

  • Compare and contrast
  • Explain cause and effect
  • Collect, organize, and interpret information
  • Participate in groups
  • Make decisions
  • Draw conclusions and generalizations about data
  • Make and use charts, bar graphs, and pie graphs
  • Differentiate between points of view
  • Use maps and globes
  • Use a compass rose
  • Find intermediate directions (NW, NE, SW, SE)
  • Use the equator and prime meridian to identify hemispheres
  • Use coordinate grids
  • Read and construct maps, tables, graphs, and charts