CURRICULUM

LANGUAGE ARTS

Communication

Speaking, Listening, Media Literacy

Present Accurate Directions

  • Identify necessary information
  • Organize and sequence information

Contribute to Group Discussions

  • Offer comments relevant to a topic
  • Learn not to interrupt, take turns speaking
  • Use grammatically correct language and specific vocabulary
  • Ask clarifying questions
  • Provide explanations
  • Collaborate with diverse teams
  • Work independently on group tasks

Seek Ideas and Opinions of Others

Use Evidence to Support Opinions

  • Distinguish fact from opinion
  • Support opinions appropriately

Make and Listen to Oral Presentations

  • Speak clearly
  • Use language and style appropriate to the audience
  • Organize information around a central idea with supporting details and specific vocabulary

Media Literacy

  • Differentiate among auditory, visual, and written media messages
  • Identify the characteristics of various media

Reading: Content

Read and Identify Characteristics of

  • Fiction (realistic, historical)
  • Functional formats (advertisements, flyers, directions)
  • Narrative nonfiction (biographies and autobiographies)
  • Nonfiction
  • Poems

Use Text Features

  • Animations
  • Captions
  • Charts
  • Diagrams
  • Graphics
  • Graphs
  • Headings (section and chapter)
  • Indexes
  • Tables of contents
  • Timelines
  • Type styles (bold face, italics)
  • Type colors

Select and Use Appropriate Resources

  • Atlases
  • Dictionaries
  • Encyclopedias
  • Glossaries
  • Online, print, and media resources
  • Thesauruses

Read for Meaning

  • Use prior knowledge as context for new learning
  • Identify the main idea
  • Identify cause and effect
  • Distinguish between fact and opinion
  • Explain author’s purpose
  • Understand plot development
  • Identify author’s craft (specific details, variety of leads, personification)
  • Skim to find information
  • Use signal words

Reading: Process

Read with Fluency, Accuracy, and Expression

Self-Monitor and Solve Problems when Reading

  • Use reading strategies throughout the reading process to monitor comprehension
  • Maintain a reading log
  • Establish and review reading goals

Demonstrate Comprehension

  • Make, confirm, and revise predictions
  • Formulate questions
  • Identify new information gained from reading
  • Make connections
  • Draw conclusions and make inferences
  • Summarize

Develop an Understanding of New Vocabulary

  • Use context to clarify meaning
  • Use knowledge of roots, affixes, synonyms, antonyms, and homophones
  • Use word-reference materials
  • Listen to and read a variety of texts to gain new vocabulary
  • Use content area vocabulary
  • Identify sensory words

Writing: Content

Write a Variety of Forms

  • Information
  • Persuasion
  • Personal narratives
  • Realistic fiction

Identify and Use Parts of Speech

  • Adjectives
  • Adverbs
  • Nouns
  • Prepositions
  • Pronouns
  • Verbs

Use Elements of Author’s Craft

  • Dialogue
  • Sentence variety
  • Specific vocabulary and information
  • Word choice

Writing: Process

Use Technology to Plan, Draft, Revise, Edit, and Publish Writing

Plan

  • Identify intended audience
  • Focus on one aspect of a topic
  • Use a variety of planning strategies
  • Organize to convey a central idea
  • Use a writer’s notebook
  • Establish and review writing goals

Draft

  • Write a clear topic sentence
  • Write multiple paragraphs on the same topic
  • Use transition words
  • Include supporting details that elaborate the main idea

Revise

  • Revise for clarity of content
  • Use available resources
  • Use a rubric to self-assess writing

Edit

  • Use correct punctuation (commas in series, dates, addresses; apostrophes in possessives and contractions; end punctuation; dialogue)
  • Use correct grammar
  • Eliminate double negatives
  • Spell correctly (frequently-used words, homophones, simple abbreviations)
  • Use a rubric to self-assess writing
  • Use appropriate resources to edit
  • Write legibly in manuscript and cursive forms

Research

Locate, Evaluate, and Select Appropriate Resources

  • Construct questions about a topic
  • Use a variety of information sources (online, print, media)
  • Select information related to an identified topic
  • Evaluate and synthesize information from two or more sources
  • Use available technology

Sources

  • Credit sources
  • Understand the difference between plagiarism and using own words

MATHEMATICS

Numerical Relations

Whole Numbers

  • Identify the place value of each digit in whole numbers through one million
  • Read, write, and compare whole numbers
  • Round whole numbers to the nearest thousand, ten thousand, and hundred thousand
  • Represent whole numbers on a number line

Fractions and Decimals

  • Compare and order fractions and mixed numbers having denominators of 12 or less
  • Represent equivalent fractions and decimal/fraction equivalents
  • Read, write, compare, and order decimals through thousandths
  • Round decimals to the nearest whole number, tenth, and hundredth
  • Represent decimals on a number line

Operations

Estimation

  • Estimate whole number sums, differences, products, and quotients
  • Refine estimates by adjusting the final amount
  • Estimate sums and differences of fractions

Procedures for Computation

  • Add, subtract, multiply, and divide whole numbers
  • Interpret the remainder in problem solving settings
  • Add and subtract fractions using common multiples and factors
  • Add and subtract decimals
  • Solve single-step and multistep problems involving addition, subtraction, multiplication, and division of whole numbers and addition and subtraction of fractions and decimals

Measurement

Customary and Metric Units

  • Estimate and measure weight/mass (ounces, pounds, tons, grams, kilograms)
  • Estimate and measure length to the nearest eighth inch and to the nearest millimeter
  • Estimate and measure liquid volume (cups, pints, quarts, gallons)
  • Identify equivalent measurements between units within the US Customary system
  • Identify equivalent measurements between units within the metric system
  • Determine elapsed time in hours and minutes within a 12- hour period

Geometry

Identify, Classify, and Transform Shapes

  • Identify and describe points, lines, line segments, rays, and angles including endpoints and vertices
  • Identify situations that represent parallel, perpendicular, and intersecting lines
  • Recognize the congruence of plane figures resulting from transformations
  • Identify and describe the properties of polygons with 10 or fewer sides
  • Identify figures as open or closed, polygons or nonpolygons

Data Analysis, Statistics, and Probability

Collect, Organize, Analyze Data

  • Collect, organize, display, and interpret data on bar graphs, line graphs, and line plots

Probability

  • Model and determine all possible outcomes of a simple event with no more than 24 possible outcomes
  • Predict the likelihood of an event occurring and write the probability as a fraction

Patterns, Functions, and Algebra

Patterns

  • Describe, create, and extend geometric and numerical patterns

Functions

  • Write equations to demonstrate equivalent mathematical relationships
  • Investigate and describe the associative properties for addition and multiplication

SCIENCE

Living Systems

Plants

  • Physical Characteristcs
  • Life Needs
  • Life Cycle

Photosynthesis

Pollination

  • Flower Structure

Germination

  • Seed Structure
  • Dormancy

Ecosystem

  • Adaptations
  • Community
  • Food Web

Earth and Space

Weather

  • Forecast
  • Instruments
  • Water Cycle

Earth patterns, cycles and changes

  • Revolution
  • Rotation
  • Seasons
  • Phases of Moon

Natural Resources

  • Animals and plants
  • Forests
  • Rocks, soils, and Minerals

Physical

Electricity

  • Circuits
  • Conductors
  • Insulators
  • Magnets
  • Electromagnets

Objects in Motion

  • Direction and Speed
  • Force
  • Friction

Investigation

Observation

  • Tools

Experimentation

  • Hypothesis
  • Variables
  • Constant
  • Control
  • Repeated Trial

Prediction

Data Collection

  • Classification
  • Graping
  • Note-taking

Inference and Conclusion

Measurement

Nonstandard

Standard

  • Metric System
  • English System

Temperature

  • Celsius
  • Fahrenheit

Time

  • Second
  • Minute
  • Hour
  • Day
  • Month
  • Year