### CURRICULUM

#### LANGUAGE ARTS

#### Communication

##### Speaking, Listening, Media Literacy

**Present Accurate Directions**

- Identify necessary information
- Organize and sequence information

**Contribute to Group Discussions**

- Offer comments relevant to a topic
- Learn not to interrupt, take turns speaking
- Use grammatically correct language and specific vocabulary
- Ask clarifying questions
- Provide explanations
- Collaborate with diverse teams
- Work independently on group tasks

**Seek Ideas and Opinions of Others**

**Use Evidence to Support Opinions**

- Distinguish fact from opinion
- Support opinions appropriately

**Make and Listen to Oral Presentations**

- Speak clearly
- Use language and style appropriate to the audience
- Organize information around a central idea with supporting details and specific vocabulary

**Media Literacy**

- Differentiate among auditory, visual, and written media messages
- Identify the characteristics of various media

#### Reading: Content

**Read and Identify Characteristics of**

- Fiction (realistic, historical)
- Functional formats (advertisements, flyers, directions)
- Narrative nonfiction (biographies and autobiographies)
- Nonfiction
- Poems

**Use Text Features**

- Animations
- Captions
- Charts
- Diagrams
- Graphics
- Graphs
- Headings (section and chapter)
- Indexes
- Tables of contents
- Timelines
- Type styles (bold face, italics)
- Type colors

**Select and Use Appropriate Resources**

- Atlases
- Dictionaries
- Encyclopedias
- Glossaries
- Online, print, and media resources
- Thesauruses

**Read for Meaning**

- Use prior knowledge as context for new learning
- Identify the main idea
- Identify cause and effect
- Distinguish between fact and opinion
- Explain author’s purpose
- Understand plot development
- Identify author’s craft (specific details, variety of leads, personification)
- Skim to find information
- Use signal words

#### Reading: Process

**Read with Fluency, Accuracy, and Expression**

**Self-Monitor and Solve Problems when Reading**

- Use reading strategies throughout the reading process to monitor comprehension
- Maintain a reading log
- Establish and review reading goals

**Demonstrate Comprehension**

- Make, confirm, and revise predictions
- Formulate questions
- Identify new information gained from reading
- Make connections
- Draw conclusions and make inferences
- Summarize

**Develop an Understanding of New Vocabulary**

- Use context to clarify meaning
- Use knowledge of roots, affixes, synonyms, antonyms, and homophones
- Use word-reference materials
- Listen to and read a variety of texts to gain new vocabulary
- Use content area vocabulary
- Identify sensory words

#### Writing: Content

**Write a Variety of Forms**

- Information
- Persuasion
- Personal narratives
- Realistic fiction

**Identify and Use Parts of Speech**

- Adjectives
- Adverbs
- Nouns
- Prepositions
- Pronouns
- Verbs

**Use Elements of Author’s Craft**

- Dialogue
- Sentence variety
- Specific vocabulary and information
- Word choice

#### Writing: Process

##### Use Technology to Plan, Draft, Revise, Edit, and Publish Writing

**Plan**

- Identify intended audience
- Focus on one aspect of a topic
- Use a variety of planning strategies
- Organize to convey a central idea
- Use a writer’s notebook
- Establish and review writing goals

**Draft**

- Write a clear topic sentence
- Write multiple paragraphs on the same topic
- Use transition words
- Include supporting details that elaborate the main idea

**Revise**

- Revise for clarity of content
- Use available resources
- Use a rubric to self-assess writing

**Edit**

- Use correct punctuation (commas in series, dates, addresses; apostrophes in possessives and contractions; end punctuation; dialogue)
- Use correct grammar
- Eliminate double negatives
- Spell correctly (frequently-used words, homophones, simple abbreviations)
- Use a rubric to self-assess writing
- Use appropriate resources to edit
- Write legibly in manuscript and cursive forms

#### Research

**Locate, Evaluate, and Select Appropriate Resources**

- Construct questions about a topic
- Use a variety of information sources (online, print, media)
- Select information related to an identified topic
- Evaluate and synthesize information from two or more sources
- Use available technology

**Sources**

- Credit sources
- Understand the difference between plagiarism and using own words

#### MATHEMATICS

#### Numerical Relations

**Whole Numbers**

- Identify the place value of each digit in whole numbers through one million
- Read, write, and compare whole numbers
- Round whole numbers to the nearest thousand, ten thousand, and hundred thousand
- Represent whole numbers on a number line

**Fractions and Decimals**

- Compare and order fractions and mixed numbers having denominators of 12 or less
- Represent equivalent fractions and decimal/fraction equivalents
- Read, write, compare, and order decimals through thousandths
- Round decimals to the nearest whole number, tenth, and hundredth
- Represent decimals on a number line

#### Operations

**Estimation**

- Estimate whole number sums, differences, products, and quotients
- Refine estimates by adjusting the final amount
- Estimate sums and differences of fractions

**Procedures for Computation**

- Add, subtract, multiply, and divide whole numbers
- Interpret the remainder in problem solving settings
- Add and subtract fractions using common multiples and factors
- Add and subtract decimals
- Solve single-step and multistep problems involving addition, subtraction, multiplication, and division of whole numbers and addition and subtraction of fractions and decimals

#### Measurement

**Customary and Metric Units**

- Estimate and measure weight/mass (ounces, pounds, tons, grams, kilograms)
- Estimate and measure length to the nearest eighth inch and to the nearest millimeter
- Estimate and measure liquid volume (cups, pints, quarts, gallons)
- Identify equivalent measurements between units within the US Customary system
- Identify equivalent measurements between units within the metric system
- Determine elapsed time in hours and minutes within a 12- hour period

#### Geometry

**Identify, Classify, and Transform Shapes**

- Identify and describe points, lines, line segments, rays, and angles including endpoints and vertices
- Identify situations that represent parallel, perpendicular, and intersecting lines
- Recognize the congruence of plane figures resulting from transformations
- Identify and describe the properties of polygons with 10 or fewer sides
- Identify figures as open or closed, polygons or nonpolygons

#### Data Analysis, Statistics, and Probability

**Collect, Organize, Analyze Data**

- Collect, organize, display, and interpret data on bar graphs, line graphs, and line plots

**Probability**

- Model and determine all possible outcomes of a simple event with no more than 24 possible outcomes
- Predict the likelihood of an event occurring and write the probability as a fraction

#### Patterns, Functions, and Algebra

**Patterns**

- Describe, create, and extend geometric and numerical patterns

**Functions**

- Write equations to demonstrate equivalent mathematical relationships
- Investigate and describe the associative properties for addition and multiplication

#### SCIENCE

#### Living Systems

**Plants**

- Physical Characteristcs
- Life Needs
- Life Cycle

**Photosynthesis**

**Pollination**

- Flower Structure

**Germination**

- Seed Structure
- Dormancy

**Ecosystem**

- Adaptations
- Community
- Food Web

#### Earth and Space

**Weather**

- Forecast
- Instruments
- Water Cycle

**Earth patterns, cycles and changes**

- Revolution
- Rotation
- Seasons
- Phases of Moon

**Natural Resources**

- Animals and plants
- Forests
- Rocks, soils, and Minerals

#### Physical

**Electricity**

- Circuits
- Conductors
- Insulators
- Magnets
- Electromagnets

**Objects in Motion**

- Direction and Speed
- Force
- Friction

#### Investigation

**Observation**

- Tools

**Experimentation**

- Hypothesis
- Variables
- Constant
- Control
- Repeated Trial

**Prediction**

**Data Collection**

- Classification
- Graping
- Note-taking

**Inference and Conclusion**

#### Measurement

**Nonstandard**

**Standard**

- Metric System
- English System

**Temperature**

- Celsius
- Fahrenheit

**Time**

- Second
- Minute
- Hour
- Day
- Month
- Year