### CURRICULUM

#### LANGUAGE ARTS

#### Communication

##### Speaking, Listening, Media Literacy

**Collaborate and Make Presentations with Others:**

- Communication
- Ask and answer questions
- Clarify confusing points
- Clearly express own ideas and build on others’ ideas
- Communicate new ideas to others
- Follow rules of discussion
- Respond and elaborate on the remarks of others
- Use effective verbal and nonverbal communication skills
- Use grammatically correct language

- Process
- Listen for main ideas and sequence of ideas
- Organize information
- Summarize information
- Take notes

- Relevance
- Determine appropriate content for audience
- Use language and style appropriate to the audience, topic, and purpose

- Tools
- Use prewriting tools
- Use visual media

- Work habits
- Collaborate with diverse teams
- Work independently on group-related tasks

**Understand and Use Media Literacy**

- Create age-appropriate media messages
- Differentiate among auditory, visual, and written media messages
- Identify characteristics and effectiveness of media messages

#### Reading: Content

**Read, Identify, and Compare Characteristics of**

- Drama
- Fiction
- Functional formats (advertisements, directions, flyers, recipes)
- Graphic formats
- Informational texts
- Narrative nonfiction (autobiography, biography)
- Poems (free verse, rhymed, patterned)

**Use Text Features**

- Animations
- Captions
- Charts
- Diagrams
- Graphics
- Graphs
- Headings
- Indexes
- Maps
- Pictures, photographs, and illustrations
- Tables
- Tables of contents
- Timelines
- Type colors
- Type styles (bold face, italics)

**Select and Use Appropriate Resources**

- Almanacs
- Atlases
- Databases
- Dictionaries
- Digital media
- Encyclopedia
- Glossaries
- Online, print, and media resources
- Thesauruses

**Read for Meaning**

- Compare and contrast information
- Describe the author’s style and craft
- Describe character and plot development
- Determine the main idea
- Develop notes
- Distinguish between facts and opinions
- Determine the theme
- Explain the author’s purpose
- Identify figurative language
- Identify new information
- Identify organizational patterns (chronological, problem/solution)
- Identify and ask questions that clarify point of view
- Identify sequence and cause and effect relationships
- Skim materials
- Use graphic organizers
- Use prior knowledge

#### Reading: Process

**Read with Fluency, Accuracy, and Expression**

**Self-Monitor and Solve Problems when Reading**

- Use reading strategies throughout the reading process to monitor comprehension
- Return to text to verify and clarify information
- Maintain a reading log that reflects reading from a range of genres
- Establish and adjust reading goals

**Demonstrate Comprehension**

- Ask and answer questions
- Draw conclusions, form opinions, and locate details to support both
- Make, confirm, and revise predictions
- Make connections
- Make inferences
- Summarize key and supporting ideas
- Synthesize text

**Develop an Understanding of New Vocabulary**

- Apply knowledge of prefixes and suffixes, synonyms, antonyms, homophones, and roots
- Use knowledge of word origins
- Develop vocabulary by listening to and reading a variety of texts
- Study vocabulary from mathematics, science, and social studies
- Use context and sentence structure to determine meanings and differentiate among multiple meanings of words

#### Writing: Content

**Write a Variety of Forms**

- Descriptions
- Explanations
- Information
- Narratives
- Persuasion

**Identify and Use Parts of Speech**

- Adjectives
- Adverbs
- Conjunctions
- Interjections
- Nouns
- Prepositions
- Pronouns
- Verbs

**Use Elements of Author’s Craft**

- Description
- Dialogue
- Pacing
- Precise, descriptive, and content-specific vocabulary
- Sentence variety
- Use Technology to Plan, Draft, Revise, Edit, and Publish Writing

#### Writing: Process

##### Use Technology to Plan, Draft, Revise, Edit, and Publish Writing

**Plan**

- Use a writer’s notebook
- Write with the intended audience in mind
- Organize to convey central idea
- Use a variety of strategies
- Establish and adjust writing goals

**Draft**

- Focus, organize, and elaborate to construct an effective message
- Write multiparagraph compositions
- Use precise, descriptive vocabulary
- Vary sentence structure

**Revise**

- Revise for clarity of content
- Use available resources
- Use rubrics to self-assess writing

**Edit**

- Use correct:
- Capitalization
- Grammar
- Paragraphing
- Punctuation
- Sentence structure
- Spelling (frequently-used words, compound words, homophones, irregular plurals)

- Use appropriate resources
- Use rubrics to self-assess writing
- Write legibly in manuscript and cursive forms

#### Research

**Locate, Evaluate, and Select Appropriate Resources**

- Construct questions
- Select appropriate references
- Skim to locate relevant information
- Evaluate and combine related information
- Organize information
- Develop notes
- Enhance writing with formatting, graphics, and multimedia
- Share information

**Sources**

- Credit sources
- Understand and avoid plagiarism

#### MATHEMATICS

#### Numerical Relations

**Whole Numbers**

- Identify prime and composite numbers less than or equal to 100
- Identify even and odd numbers

**Fractions and Decimals**

- Round decimals to the nearest whole number, tenth, and hundredth
- Recognize and represent fractions as decimals and decimals as fractions
- Compare and order decimals, fractions, and mixed numbers
- Distinguish between terminating and repeating decimals

#### Operations

**Estimation**

- Estimate sums, differences, products, and quotients

**Procedures for Computation**

- Create and solve single-step and multistep problems involving addition, subtraction, multiplication, and division of whole numbers and decimals
- Add, subtract, multiply and divide decimals to the thousandths
- Solve single-step and multistep problems involving addition and subtraction of fractions and mixed numbers
- Simplify and solve expressions using the order of operations

#### Measurement

**Customary and Metric Units**

- Identify equivalent measurements within the metric system for length, mass, and liquid volume
- Estimate and measure to solve problems using metric and US Customary units
- Estimate and find the perimeter of polygons and the area of squares, rectangles, and right triangles
- Measure right, acute, obtuse, and straight angles
- Identify and describe the diameter, radius, circumference, and chord of a circle
- Determine elapsed time in hours and minutes within a 24-hour period

**Procedures and Formulas**

- Differentiate among the concepts of perimeter, area, and volume
- Develop a procedure for finding volume using cubes
- Develop formulas for perimeter and area

#### Geometry

**Identify, Classify, and Transform Shapes**

- Classify angles as acute, obtuse, right, or straight
- Classify triangles as right, acute, obtuse, equilateral, scalene, or isosceles
- Investigate and describe the results of combining and subdividing plane shapes
- Develop definitions for squares, rectangles, triangles, rhombi, parallelograms, and trapezoids

#### Data Analysis, Statistics, and Probability

**Collect, Organize, Analyze Data**

- Collect, organize, display and interpret data on charts, tables, stem-and-leaf plots, and line graphs
- Describe and find the mean, median, mode, and range of a group of numbers

**Probability**

- Construct a sample space using a list, chart, or tree diagram to identify all possible outcomes of an event
- Use a sample space to determine the probability of an outcome

#### Patterns, Functions, and Algebra

**Patterns**

- Describe numerical and geometric patterns
- Use words, tables, and symbols to express relationships found in patterns

**Functions**

- Describe the concept of a variable as a representation of an unknown quantity
- Write an open sentence using a variable to represent an unknown number
- Model one-step linear equations using addition and subtraction
- Create a word problem to match a given open sentence
- Investigate and recognize the distributive property of multiplication over addition

#### SOCIAL STUDIES

#### People

- Hammurabi
- Abraham
- Asoka (Ashoka)
- Siddhartha Gautama (Buddha)
- Shi Huangdi
- Confucius
- Montezuma
- Plato
- Socrates
- Archimedes
- Julius Caesar
- Aristotle
- Hippocrates
- Alexander The Great
- Jesus
- Constantine
- King Ezana
- Muhammad
- Ibn Battuta
- Charlemagne
- King Henry VIII
- Elizabeth I
- Marco Polo
- Zheng He
- Leonardo da Vinci
- Copernicus
- Michelangelo
- Gutenberg
- William Shakespeare
- Galileo

#### Geographic Features

- 7 continents
- 5 oceans
- Rivers
- Amazon
- Euphrates
- Ganges
- Indus
- Nile
- Tigris
- Chang Jiang (Yangtze)

- Huang (Yellow) River Valley
- Gulf of Mexico
- Deserts
- Gobi
- Kalahari
- Sahara

- Mountains
- Andes
- Himalaya
- Mount Kilimanjaro

- Seas
- Arabian
- Caspian
- Mediterranean
- Red

#### Economics

- Natural resources
- Barter and trade
- Feudalism
- Mercantilism
- Scarcity
- Self-sufficiency
- Economic interdependence
- Economic decisions

#### Units of Study

- Fertile Crescent
- India
- China
- Pre-Columbian Civilizations
- Greece
- Rome
- Africa: Two Cultures
- Southwest Asia
- Western European Civilizations
- Global Awareness Technology Project

#### Big Ideas

- Exchange of ideas and goods
- Settlement and growth
- Economic growth
- Migration
- Climate
- Culture
- Religion
- Transportation developments
- Technology
- Navigation
- Government
- Interdependence
- Interrelationships
- Global awareness

#### Skills

- Make connections between trade and discovery
- Analyze and interpret maps
- Interpret primary sources
- Determine cause and effect
- Compare and contrast
- Sequence events
- Classify and organize information
- Make connections between the past and the present
- Make connections between cultures
- Research countries and cultures around the world